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The bathsDocce Basse

Scientists like Ugolino from Montecatini and Gentile from Foligno in the 15th century, Francesco Redi, Falloppio, Carina and many more praised the quality of the bath with studies and pubblications. Until the middle of the 17th century there were 5 springs, each with its own name, therapeutic powers and cured particular illnesses. They were called Trastullina, Disperata(used for serious cases), Maritata(for feminine sterility), Donzella, Fortunata, Speranza, Disiderata, Perseveranza, Coronale(used for head showers), Delicata, Leggiadra and Soave(the lightest waters). La Rossa had the privilege not to be mixed with the others and was directed towards Bagno Caldo after 1924, the Docce Basse has a temperature of 42°C/107°F. The Docce Basse were also known as Bagno Rosso because of the ferrous springs. It was the first bath to use a showers but came into disuse in 1820 when the mud baths where introduced. In the 16th century riconstruction was started in occasion of the visit in 1699 of the Grand duchess of Tuscany Vittoria delle Rovere. In the Docce Basse small tubs were made and dedicated to San Lorenzo, San Francesco and Our Lady. The long arcade goes back to the era of Elisa Baciocchi when she had it made in 1808, equiped with a marble tub, on this occasion a balcony was also made looking down on the Lima. But in time this bath lost it’s importance and stopped functioning it’s waters were diverted to Bagni Caldi. Today riconstruction is giong on to bring it to its antique splendor. Georg Christoph Martini on his trip in Tuscany(1725-1745) writes:

“About 150 steps below Bagno Caldo is situated Docce Basse they also call it Bagno Rosso because the waters bring with them a tartar of this colour. Infront of the building theres a little square with marble seats and an arcade that makes an entrance to a hallway and small chapel. The spa is divided into three rooms with a domed cieling all in different levels the walls have built in stone water reservoirs, with different waters from different springs. In front of these water tanks theres a mask with a bronze-tap with an inscription telling how the water flows into the tubs,and that it has to hit the sore point of the patient. The different names for different springs like: Disperata called this for the high heat of the water, Coronata because its used for head injuries or illnesses.”

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